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Guidance and Counseling 100 Objective Questions with Answers

2

The Guidance and Counseling course is designed to provide you with insightinsight, into guidance and counseling. Specific topics to be covered include the historical development of guidance and counseling, the counseling process, techniques of counseling, the therapeutic relationship, theory and practice of counseling, special problems in counseling and ethical issues in counseling and More.

Here are 100 objective questions to aid you as you study the course. The questions will also give you a clue as to what to expect in your end-of-semester examination. Kindly note the answer to each item is in bold.

100 Objectives

1. Which of the following is a major reason for counseling people?

a) To offer advice to people

b) To help check people to take decisions for themselves

c) To help check waywardness among people.

d) To help the individuals appreciate the need to live well with

others

2. Which of these persons is likely to need counseling most?

a) Jacinta who is seeking a scholarship to further her studies

b) Pearl who wants to know the requirement for education to a teacher

training college

c) Josephine who is an isolate and who finds it difficult to concentrate

in class.

d) Matilda who is undecided on which university course to select.

3. Which of the following services in guidance is also referred to as

the adaptive service?

a) Appraisal

b) Information

c) Orientation

d) Placement

4. Which of these is an important principle in counseling?

a) Confidentiality

b) Facilitation

c) Reality

d) Self-understanding

5. Which of the following Guidance services uses career conference

as a major means of providing the service in the school?

a) Appraisal services

b) Counseling service

c) Information service

d) Orientation services

6. Which of the following terms is used to denote the end of a

counseling session?

a) Adjournment

b) Closure

c) Finalization

d) Termination

7. All the following factors enhance communication in counseling

except the

a) Form of the communication used

b) Nature of the counselor

c) Skills of the client

d) Termination

8. Which of the following is a core skill in counseling?

a) Advising skills

b) Conveying warmth skills

c) Emphatic understanding skills

d) Listening skills

9. Which of the following is not a purpose for counseling as proposed

by Byrne (1965)?

a) Intermediate goals

b) Immediate goals

c) Intimate goals

d) Ultimate goals

10. Which of the following about counseling is true?

a) It involves giving advice to people

b) It involves the individual to change

c) It is directed to the personal needs of the individual

d) It is more concerned with providing information to individuals

11. Which of the following concepts is closely associated with

counseling?

a) Empathy

b) Discordant relations

c) Disorientation

d) Self-actualization

12. Which of the following is not organized type of counseling?

a) Course counseling

b) Immediate counseling

c) Therapeutic counseling

d) Vocational counseling

13. Which of the following approaches to counseling is also known as

the rationale approach?

a) Behavioral therapy approach

b) Directive approach

c) Eclectic approach

d) Psycho analytical approach

14. Which of the following counseling approaches involves a

selection of different features from various theoretical approaches?

a) Directive approach

b) Eclectic approach

c) Humanistic approach

d) Psycho-analytical approach

15. The counseling strategy whereby the counselor gets the individual

to settle and develop trust in him/her is known as….

a) Creating orientation

b) Establishing genuineness.

c) Establishing rapport

d) Exploration

16. The two types of communication involved in counseling are

a) Contact and distant

b) Gestures and orientation

c) Personal and non-personal

d) Verbal and non-verbal

17. A counselor should not talk too much in a counseling relationship

because

a) It will check the flow of message from the counselee

b) It will confuse the individual in distress

c) It will extend the counseling time

d) There is the need for the counselor to be trusted

18. Which of the following services must be made effective if the

pupils is to be made to know himself\herself well by the guidance

program?

a) Appraisal services

b) Consultation services

c) Information services

d) Placement services

19. Which of the following behaviors will be exhibited by a client

who is not being listened to by his Counselor?

a) The client may feel like disclosing all his problems

b) The client may coil into his\her shell.

c) The client may dominate the discussion

d) The client will assume active posture

20. Which of the following personality characteristics of the counselor

will enhance communication?

a) Attentive

b) Bossy

c) Indifferent

d) Talkative

21. Effective listening in counseling involves all the following process

except…

a) Recalling a message

b) Receiving a message

c) Processing a message

d) Sending a message

22. This is the ability of the counselor to capture and understand the

message transmitted by clients either verbal or non-verbal, a vague or

clear. Which skill is being described here?

a) Acceptance skills

b) Emphatic understanding skills

c) Genuineness skills

d) Listening skills

23. At which of the following processes does the counselor overtly

responds to the client’s message?

a) Processing message

b) Receiving message

c) Sending a message

d) Taking a message

24. Which of the following is not a listening response in counseling?

a) Evaluating feeling

b) Paraphrasing content

c) Reflecting feeling

d) Summarizing

25. Which of the following words does not describe the skill of

genuineness as a communication skill in counseling?

a) Authenticity

b) Confidentiality

c) Congruence

d) Honesty

26. Which of the following is not a non-verbal communication

behavior?

a) Exclamation

b) Bodily contact

c) Facial expression

d) Posture

27. Which of the following is not considered as pre-requisite for an

ideal counseling environment?

a) High degree of privacy

b) Quality of the clients dress

c) Seating arrangements

d) Warm reception for the client

28. Which of the following persons is associated with counseling?

a) B.F. Skinner

b) Carl Rogers

c) L.R. Gray

d) John Weschler

29. Which of the following guidance services can be carried out

individually or in groups?

a) Appraisal services

b) Counseling services

c) Consultation service

d) Placement service

30. Which of the following phrases is commonly used to describe

guidance?

a) A systematic and continuous process

b) A plan of action

c) A process of exposing people

d) A program of adjustment

31. Which of the following skills when exhibited by the counselor

will promote continuous interaction between the client and the

counselor?

a) Counseling skills

b) Learning skills

c) Questioning skills

d) Placement skills

32. Which of the guidance services entails the keeping of records of

pupils?

a) Appraisal services

b) Follow-up services

c) Orientation services

d) Information services

33. Irene is a guidance officer in JHS who visits a number of SHS

once a year to find out the performance of pupils who left her school.

What services is she fulfilling by this activity?

a) Appraisal services

b) Follow-up services

c) Orientation

d) Information

34. Which of these is an important quality the counselor must have?

a) Desire

b) Fairness

c) Firmness

d) Warmth

35. Which of the following listening responses is associated with the

phrase “Do you mean that……?

a) Clarification

b) Explanation

c) Paraphrasing content

d) Summarizing

36. All the following are known proponents of the directive approach

to counseling except…

a) Donaldo Peterson

b) Edmund Williamson

c) John Darley

d) Richard Lazarus

37. Two people who relate in counseling situation are identified as

……….

a) Interviewer and interviewee

b) Client and counselor

c) Pater and counselor

d) Customer and counselor

38. Which of the following statements about counseling is true?

a) It involves giving advice to people

b) It involves influencing the individual to change.

c) It is directed to the personal needs of the individuals

d) It is more concerned with providing information to individuals

39. Which of the following concepts is closely associated with

counseling?

a) Self actualization

b) Disorientation

c) Discordant relation

d) Empathy

40. Which of the following is major reason for counseling people?

a) To offer advice to people

b) To enable people to take decisions for themselves

c) To help check waywardness among people

d) To help individuals appreciate the needs to live well with others

41. Which of the following skills is most needed for effective

counseling?

a) Communication

b) Data gathering

c) Notes taking

d) Organizing

42. Which of these persons is likely to need counseling most?

a) Boakye, a banker who wants to take a personal business loan.

b) Tiwaa, a trader whose business has not been insured

c) Tina, an adolescent who is experiencing puberty early

d) James, who is undecided on which university course to select

43. Which of these is an important principle in counseling?

a) Self understanding

b) Facilitation

c) Confidentiality

d) Reality

44. Which of these is an important quality the counselor must have?

a) Firmness

b) Fairness

c) Warmth

d) Decisive

45. Which of the following statements best defines educational

guidance?

a) A process of providing the individual with sufficient information to

choose subjects to study

b) A process of helping individuals towards a better understanding of

themselves and their potentials.

c) A process of recording the characteristics of pupils for counseling

purposes.

d) A process of giving orientation and direction to the students

46. Which of the following problems can be solved by educational

guidance?

a) Too many people seeking boarding school

b) Unemployment in the face of manpower shortages in some sectors

c) Parental neglect of their children

d) Poor relations between school and their community

47. Which of the following is a principle of educational guidance?

a) It permeate all subjects

b) It should be well monitored

c) It must be self-sustaining

d) It is for all pupils in the school.

48. Which of the following characteristics is most suitable for the

school guidance activity?

a) It should be infused into all school activities

b) It should spell out the roles of all involved in it.

c) It should be planned and structured

d) It should focus on ensuring discipline among pupils

49. Which of the following concepts can be associated with

counseling?

a) Psychotherapy

b) Chemotherapy

c) Psychosomatic

d) Orientation

50. Which of the following is an objective of school guidance?

a) To ensure that students select the right subject

b) To anticipate and prevent crisis from arising in the lives of pupils.

c) To evaluate and monitor the progress of pupils

d) To offer counseling to wayward pupils

51. Which guidance service entails providing orientation for new

pupils?

a) The orientation service

b) The follow up service

c) The information service

d) The appraisal service

52. Which guidance service entails the keeping of records of pupils?

a) The orientation service

b) The follow up service

c) The information service

d) The appraisal service

53. Sarah is a guidance officer in JHS who visits a number of SHS

once a year to find out the performance of pupils who left her school.

What services is she fulfilling by this activity?

a) The orientation service

b) The follow up service

c) The information service

d) The appraisal service

54. which of the following is a strategy used in counseling?

a) Consistency

b) The aligning

c) Diagnosing

d) Small talk

55. During which step in the counseling process does the counselor

help the individual to understand the nature of his or her problem?

a) Closure

b) Exploration

c) Analysis

d) Facilitation

56. Which of the following is a recognized type of counseling?

a) Course counseling

b) Immediate counseling

c) Vocational counseling

d) Therapeutic counseling

57. Which of the following approaches to counseling is also known as

the Rational Approach?

a) The psychoanalytic

b) Directive approach

c) Behavioral therapy approach

d) Eclectic approach

58. Which of the following approaches to counseling believes in

dealing with the individual from his internal frame of reference?

a) Directive approach

b) Eclectic approach

c) Psychoanalytic

d) Humanistic

59. The counseling strategy whereby the counselor protects the

individual to settle and develop trust in him\her is known

as……………..

a) Establishing genuineness

b) Creating orientation

c) Exploration

d) Establishing rapport

60. Which of the following factors is necessary if the guidance

program is to be effective in the School?

a) It must be integrated into the total school program

b) It must target at risk students to access them

c) It must involve tutors who have the fear of God

d) It must be comprehensive

61. Which of the following services must be made effective if the

pupil is to be made to know himself well by guidance program?

a) Information service

b) Placement service

c) Appraisal service

d) Consultation service

62. Which of the following guidance service can be carried out

individually or in a group?

a) The consultation service

b) The counseling service

c) Placement service

d) Appraisal service

63. For what reason may the guidance programs of two different

schools vary?

a) The location of the schools vary

b) The skills of the coordinators vary

c) The needs of the pupils may vary

d) The objective sets may vary

64. Which of the following phrases is commonly used to describe

Guidance?

a) ‘A plan of action’

b) ‘A process of exposing pupils’

c) ‘A systematic and continuous process’

d) ‘A program of adjustment’

65. What is meant by the statement “guidance is development”?

a) It is only meant for people of the lower developmental stages of

life

b) It helps people adjust to the problems of one stage before

proceeding

c) It helps people to develop skills.

d) It is a long process.

66. Which of the following reasons best explains why guidance and

counseling is not prominent in Ghanaian schools?

a) Many people believe its benefit is assumed rather than real.

b) There are no trained persons to handle it.

c) It is expensive to operate

d) It will steal pupils time away from studies

67. What service in guidance do we sometimes call ‘pupils

inventory’?

a) Consultation service

b) Information service

c) Referral service

d) Appraisal service  

68. Appraisal service is when we collect, an analyze and use a variety

of objectives data for the purpose of better understanding of the

students or clients. The proponent of this statement is

a) Denga(1986)

b) Makinde (1983)

c) Anagbogu (1971)

d) Kohlberg (1961)

69. In how many categories are appraisal methods grouped?

a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

d) 4

70. Appraisal methods are usually grouped into two. Mention them?

a) Evaluation and measurement

b) Variable and Variable

c) Validity and evaluation

d) Test and non-test.

71. One example of non – test method are:

(a) Autobiographies

(b) Bibliographies

(c) Research methods

(d) Case study

72. In which of the following environment do the two methods of

appraisal namely test and non-test methods operate well?

(a) In the primary school

(b) In the Junior high school

(c) In the senior high school

(d) In the tertiary institutions

73. Observation, Interviews, Autobiographies are examples of

which of the following?

(a) Test methods in Appraisal service

(b) Non-test methods in Appraisal service

(c) Anecdotal services in guidance

(d) Evaluation methods in guidance

74. Teacher made test and some standardized tests which we can

use in primary schools are examples of the methods we use in

appraisal service. Which method is that?

(a) Evaluation method

(b) Remedial method

(c) Test method

(d) Non-test method

75. The life story of an individual written by him or herself is

referred to as what?

(a) Anecdotal record

(b) Biography

(c) Autobiography

(d) Non-test method

76. Autobiography reveals not only facts about the individual but

his or her what?

(a) Attitudes, emotions and motivations

(b) Aptitudes, character and sociability

(c) Likings, age and strengths

(d) Physical, intellectual and social standing

77. How many types of Autobiographies do we have?

(a) 4

(b) 3

(c) 2

(d) 1

78. What terms do we give to the types of Autobiographies?

(a) Structured and unstructured types

(b) Analyzed and unanalyzed types

(c) Written and unwritten types

(d) Measured and non-measured types

79. The type of Autobiography which the pupil is free to write about

events that are important to him is referred to as what?

(a) The unstructured biography

(b) The unstructured autobiography

(c) The structured biography

(d) The structured autobiography

80. The type of autobiography that has lines in the form of the main

topics and sub-topics derived from the main topic that helps the

pupil to write about him/ herself is referred to as what?

(a) The unstructured autobiography

(b) The structured autobiography

(c) The historical autobiography

(d) The recorded autobiography

81. The method of obtaining information about or from an

individual usually through oral interaction with the individual is

referred to as …………..

(a) Oral information

(b) Interview

(c) Response

(d) Stimulus

82. One of the authors of guidance and counseling explains

interview as an oral process. Which of the following authors said

that?

(a) Doughan (1983)

(b) Erick Erickson (1960)

(c) Akinboye (1969)

(d) Essuman (1986)

83. Teacher-made test are called what?

(a) Achievement test

(b) Class test

(c) Examinations

(d) End of term examination

84. Teacher-made test are not standardized test because they do not

have measures of the following?

(a) Reliability and Validity

(b) Measurement tool

(c) Evaluation list

(d) Unrealistic and validity

85. A group of test which psychologists and counselors use in their

work is called what?

(a) Physiological test

(b) Metamorphical test

(c) Psychological test

(d) Psycho-social test

86. A standardized test or inventory which we can use to find out

the level of interest (like and dislike) a pupil has for a number of

occupations as ……

(a) Psychological test

(b) Teacher-made test

(c) A study habit inventory

(d) Vocational interest inventory

87. The type of standardized psychological test which we can use to

appraise the talent or potential endowment of pupils is referred to

as ………

(a) Vocational interest inventory

(b) Special aptitude test

(c) Study habit test

(d) Standardized psychological test

88. What does a cumulative contain?

(a) Appraisal character of pupils

(b) Appraisal data of pupils

(c) Appraisal achievement of pupils

(d) Appraisal contribution of pupils

89. A type of record which accumulates data on pupils throughout

the period they are in school is referred to as………………

(a) Log book records

(b) Records book for pupils

(c) Cumulative records

(d) Inventory records

90. What is the term given to facts about things happening (events)

or pupil?

(a) Historical facts

(b) Information

(c) News bulletin

(d) Broadcast services

91. In guidance there is a specific service which provides

information to pupils or situations. What term is given to this

service?

(a) The information service

(b) Counseling service

(c) Appraisal service

(d) Orientation service

92. What type of guidance service gathers facts on career,

education, personnel and social issues to be used by pupils or

students in planning their lives or making decisions?

(a) Consultative service

(b) Career service

(c) Information service

(d) Counseling service

93. The information service is found in three major areas in

guidance. Mention them?

(a) Occupational, educational and personal social issues

(b) International, internal and external issues

(c) Broadcasting newspapers and magazines

(d) Broadcasting, television and videos

94. Who defined occupational information as “consisting of reliable

and accurate facts about jobs which clients use in career planning,

making wise decisions and choice”?

(a) Bolade (1992)

(b) Otaguindi (1961)

(c) Ekwe (1991)

(d) Obasungu (1972)

95. The type of information that comprises all valid and up-to-date

reliable facts about jobs or occupation which can be used in career

planning is termed as …… …

(a) Educational Information

(b) Personal, social issues information

(c) Occupational information

(d) Job-oriented information

96. What form do we give to information which is valid and

reliable factson physique help education and emotion,

interpersonal leisure, moral and spiritual need of individuals?

(a) Personal or social information

(b) Bibliographical or social information

(c) Autobiographical personal information

(d) Consultancy personal information

97. “Counseling is a process by which a trouble person is

helped to feel and behave in a more personally satisfying

manner through interaction with and uninvolved person (the

counselor)”. Who made this statement?

(a) Ekwe (1991)

(b) Anagbogu (1991)

(c) Olatunde (1991)

(d) Osubagun (1991)

98. What term do we give to counseling between a counselor

and a counselee?

(a) Group counseling

(b) Individual counseling

(c) Face-to-face counseling

(d) Social counseling

99. When counseling is between the counselor and two or

more counselees, we label it as what?

(a) Individual counseling

(b) Social counseling

(c) Counseling section

(d) Group counseling

100. “By referral we mean the act of transferring a client or

student to another practitioner or agency for specialized

assistance”. Who made this statement

(a) Ekwe (1991)

(b) Obagundu (1991)

(c) Makinde (1983)

(d) Olawoyo (1983)

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[…] Guidance and Counseling 100 Objective Questions with Answers. […]

Jonathan Hernandez
Jonathan Hernandez
9 months ago

What an insightful blog post on guidance and counseling! As a passionate educator, I found myself nodding along and reminiscing about my own experiences in the field. One particular memory that stands out is when I helped a struggling student overcome their fear of public speaking through tailored counseling sessions, witnessing their confidence soar was truly rewarding. This article has definitely reignited my passion for guiding and supporting students on their journey to success.

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