Differentiated Assessment: 80 Multiple Choice Sample Questions with Solutions

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These are selected past multiple-choice items for differentiated assessment to guide you in your preparation towards your semester examination.

The 80 selected questions come with solutions for reference. Kindly take your time to solve all the questions.

80 Multiple Choice


1) Which of the following answers the question how well did the students perform?
a. Assessment
b. Evaluation
c. Measurement
d. Test

2) Which of the following statement is a general principle of assessment?
a. Assessment procedure must be relevant to the expected results
b. Assessment provides information upon which decisions are based
c. Evidence needs to be provided that the user has the expertise in the use of the technique
d. Use of a variety of instruments to obtain information about the assessors.


3) A purposeful systematic and ongoing collection of information as evidenced for use in making judgements of students’ learning, curriculum, programs and policies in education is known as.
a. Assessment
b. Evaluation
c. Measurement
d. Test


4) A teacher used her midterm exams to grade her students. She used the information on their performance to remediate the students depending on their strength and weakness. The midterm exams served as
a. Formative
b. Summative
c. Both a and b
d. Only a


5) Among the benefits of using specific learning target statements are…….
a. Communicating instructional intent to others
b. Facilitating grading of students at the end of the programme/course
c. Facilitating the revision of instructional procedures
d. Making educational goals explicit


6) The principle of assessment that says “assessment is a means to an end and not an end in itself” means we assess our students
a. Because assessment is part of the teaching and learning process
b. Because we have to assess them
c. With the view of making use of the results in making decision
d. With the view of making students proud

7) When writing the learning target for a lesson or unit, it is important to identify the full range of student performance to be achieved. This is done by……………..
a. Referring to taxonomies of cognitive, affective, and/or psychomotor objectives
b. Reviewing instructional materials and teachers’ manuals
c. Reviewing the norm-referenced tests of a subject
d. Consulting curriculum frameworks from various sources


8) Which of the following is the hierarchical presentation of Bloom’s taxonomy?
a. Knowledge, comprehension, application, synthesis, analysis, evaluation
b. Knowledge, comprehension, analysis, application, synthesis, evaluation
c. Knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation
d. Knowledge, comprehension, synthesis, application, analysis, evaluation

9) Which of the following learning targets listed belong to the cognitive domain?
a. The student is able to tune a colour television set to get the best colour resolution
b. The student contributes to group maintenance when working with course mates on group presentation
c. The student demonstrates knowledge of parliamentary law by conducting a meeting without violating parliamentary procedures
d. The student makes 5 baskets out of 10 tries on the basket court while standing at the foul line


10) Which type of validity is of greatest important for an achievement test?
a. Concurrent
b. Construct
c. Content
d. Predictive

11) The type of validity that is used most often in selection programmes in education and industry, in which criteria of success are specified, is
a. Concurrent
b. Construct
c. Content
d. Predictive


12) The most comprehensive type of validity, in that it comprises all of the others, is
a. Concurrent
b. Construct
c. Content
d. Predictive


13) Assigning applicants to, limited vacancies in jobs on the basis of their performance on a test is most appropriately making use of which function of assessment?
a. Classification
b. Screening
c. Placement
d. Selection


14) For the advertiser to tell the user of a phone to “drop that yam” means she has …………..the phone
a. Assessed
b. Evaluated
c. Measured
d. Tested

15) Which of the following is a general principle of assessment? Assessment should be as a key professional skill for teachers
a. Be regarded as a key professional skill for teachers
b. Be sensitive and constructive
c. Serve the need of the learners
d. Serve the need of the lecturer

16) Ebenezer, a friend of Mike appreciates every effort of his friend and he has made up his mind to be there for him in every situation. Which of the domains is he operating with?
a. Affective
b. Cognitive
c. Psychomotor

17) Baba sets his end of term questions and asks his students to label the parts of a flower. Which of the cognitive domain of Bloom’s taxonomies is he dealing with?
a. Application
b. Comprehension
c. Knowledge
d. Synthesis


18) Cynthia tries to solve conflict between her spiritual, social, economic and her academic life. Cynthia can be said to be ………………..
a. Organizing
b. Receiving
c. Responding
d. Valuing

19) Which of the following involves the interpretation of what has been gathered through measurement, in which value judgements are made about performance?
a. Assessment
b. Evaluation
c. Performance standards
d. Testing
20) What teachers do when they obtain information about student understanding during instruction and provide feedback that includes correctives to help students learning is
a. Formative evaluation
b. Instructional decisions
c. Learning objective
d. Summative evaluation


21) Putting elements together to form a coherent or functional whole recognizes elements into a new pattern or structure defines which cognitive process dimension of the revised Bloom’s taxonomy.
a. Apply
b. Analyze
c. Evaluate
d. Synthesize


22) Which of the following statements on validity and reliability is correct
i. Validity is impossible without strong reliability
ii. A test can be reliable without validity
iii. A valid test is reliable
a. I and II only
b. I and III only
c. II and III only
d. I, II, and III

23) If a procedure describes a student by qualitative labels or categories, the student is assessed but not measured
a. True
b. False


24) Which type of evaluation mostly inform the consumer whether a particular product works, and under which condition or under what degree of implementation?
a. Summative
b. Performance
c. Formative
d. Authentic


25) A situation where an organization or institution decides that some persons are acceptable while others are not is an indication of a/an…………………..decision
a. Counselling or guidance
b. Instructional management
c. Placement
d. Selection


26) What specifies ‘what you would like students to be able to do, value or feel at the completion of an instructional segment
a. Instructional objective
b. Learning objective

c. Learning target
d. Performance standards


27) Which of the following statements is not a general principle of assessment?
a. Assessment must serve the needs of the learner
b. Assessment provides information upon which decisions are based
c. Evidence needs to be provided that the user has the expertise in the use of the technique
d. Proper use of assessment procedures requires that the user is aware of the limitations of each technique

28) Which of the learning targets listed belong to the affective domain?
a. The student is able to tune a colour television set to get the best colour resolution
b. The student contributes to group maintenance when working with course mates on group presentation
c. The student demonstrates knowledge of parliamentary law by conducting a meeting without violating parliamentary procedures
d. The student makes 5 baskets out of 10 tries on the basket court while standing at the foul line


29) In the ordinal scale of measurement, the numbers that are assigned reflect by how much A exceeds B on the attribute in question.
a. True
b. False


30) With regards to the Blooms Taxonomy of learning objectives, the statement, ‘the student should be able to identify the credible and non-credible claims of an advertisement for clothing is an example of
a. Synthesis
b. Comprehension
c. Creativity
d. Analysis


31) Which of the following practices would improve the reliability of assessment results?
a. Use of multiple markers
b. Improve subjectivity
c. Be sure that high achieving students have enough time to complete the test
d. Assessment tasks selected should not differentiate best students from least able ones

32) Which of the following conditions is sufficient for the validation of a classroom test in mathematics?
a. Evidence that the assessment covers the curriculum
b. Evidenced that the assessment is reliable
c. Evidence that the content covers what students have learned
d. None of the above

33) Which of the following is a ‘behavioural objective’?
a. It is unlikely that Jake will finish these by January 2019
b. My students will pass all their exams with a grade A
c. Pupils would acquire numeracy and literacy skills for further studies
d. Students will answer ten of twelve questions about validity in fifteen minutes without referring to their text books.

34) One condition that is sufficient for the validation of a classroom test in Assessment in Education is that there should be evidence that the
a. Assessment instrument is reliable
b. Assessment tasks are worthy of being learned
c. Content covers what the teacher wants to assess
d. Students can get all items right

35) Which of the following statements best describes the concept of evaluation?
a. Dennis’ score on the end of term test was 80%
b. Dennis’ performance in the end of term test ways very good
c. Dennis’ teacher recorded his grade which was B
d. Dennis took part in the end of term test

36) Mr. Konu tried to find out the number of boys and the number of girls in his basic class three. On which scale of measurement was he measuring the pupils?
a. Interval
b. Nominal
c. Ordinal
d. Ratio

37) Which of the following statements best describes measurement?
a. Joan was the best science student in his class
b. Mensah was a good science student
c. Nti scored 90% in the social studies exams and was judged the best student
d. Oko socred 18% in the science quiz

38) Which of the following statements is not a principle of assessment?
a. Assessment should be based on only one source of information
b. Be aware of the limitations of the assessment procedure you may use
c. Specify clearly what to be assessed
d. Select an assessment procedures which is most relevant to the characteristics to be assessed


39) Which principle of assessment will the teacher violate if it is realized that there is the presence of bias treatment of students in his/her class during the assessment process? Good assessment
a. Is a means to an end
b. Should be valid and reliable
c. Used multiple sources
d. Is fair and ethical

40) Mr. Armah tested his Basic 1 pupils in Natural Science and used the result to group them for teaching in view of their individual differences. Which decision did he make with his assessment information?
a. Guidance and Counselling
b. Instructional management
c. Placement
d. Selection

41) When constructing her test item for the end-of-term examination in Social Studies, Mrs. Agyekum checked each item to see if it matches with the material that was taught in class. What type of evidence was Mrs. Agyekum looking for? ………..related evidence
a. Content
b. Construct
c. Concurrent
d. Criterion


42) Which of the following statements is a characteristics of continuous assessment?
a. It has a standardized procedure for test administration
b. It most often deals with paper-and-pencil-test
c. It is guidance oriented
d. The result can be generalized


43) Which of the following forms of assessment is unstructured?
a. Formative
b. Formal
c. Informal
d. Summative

44) Which domain of educational objectives produces outcomes that focuses on knowledge and ability requiring memory thinking and reasoning processes?
a. Affective
b. Cognitive
c. Psychomotor
d. Taxonomy

45) Which of the following scales of measurement does not show a direction of difference?
a. Interval
b. Nominal
c. Ordinal
d. Ration


46) Which validity evidence refers to the extent to which individual current status on a criterion can be estimated from prior performance on an assessment instrument?
a. Content
b. Concurrent
c. Construct
d. Predictive


47) What type of decision does the teacher make if he indicates whether a child has qualified to be promoted to the next grade or not?
a. Certification decision
b. Diagnostic decision
c. Minimum competency decision
d. Placement decision

  1. A perfectly reliable test scores are
    a. Error free
    b. highly valid
    c. homogeneous
  2. Suppose a student is given the same test on two occasions. Which score will remain the same on the two occasions
    a. Error score
    b. Obtained score
    c. True score
    d. Both a and b
  3. If a test length is increased two times with equally good items, the reliability will increase by two fold.
    a. True
    b. False
  4. The error of measurement on a set of scores is inversely related to the reliability of the sores
    a. true
    b. false
  5. A student’s error score on particular test is – 5. If the student true score is 65, what is the students obtained score on the test?
    a. 55
    b. 60
    c. 70
    d. 75
  6. Suppose the variance of the obtained test scores (S2x) for a group of students is 100.Suppose further that the error variance (S2e) for the set of obtained score is 25. What is the reliability of the score on the test?
    a. 0.25
    b. 0.50
    c. 0.75
    d. 0.85
  7. Which of the following scores of individual students can be positive, negative or zero?
    a. error score
    b. obtained scores
    c. true scores
  8. A reliability coefficient describes the consistency with which a test measures some characteristics of one person.
    a. true
    b. false
  9. Through an error of computer programming, all the applicants who took an admission test for college of Education were credited with 10 more correct answers than they really earned on the test. Is this error of scores concern to the organisers of the test, and why?
    a. Yes, because the addition 10 point has distorted the reliability of the result
    b. Yes, because the additional 10 point has distorted the validity of the result
    c. No, because the additional 10 points is a systematic error and of no consequence to the reliability of the results.
    d. No, because the additional 10 point is a systematic error and of no consequence to the reliability of the results
  10. If the correlation between scores on alternate or parallel forms of a test is used to estimate reliability, then the range of possible values for the reliability coefficient must be -1 < rxx >+1.
    a. True
    b. False
  11. KR20 and KR21 provide meaningful measure of internal consistency when
    a. all items are scored either dichotomously (zero or one)
    b. all items are approximately equal in difficulty
    c. both a and b
  12. For a teacher to evaluate his student’s performance in Social Studies, he or she must measure the student in social Studies.
    a. True
    b. False
  13. When you measure students’ performance you are assessing them.
    a. True
    b. False
  14. Anytime a teacher measures the performance of students, the teacher tests the students.
    a. True
    b. False
  15. The intent of diagnostic testing is the same as summative assessment.
    a. True
    b. False
  16. Continuous assessment of students is meant to ensure comprehensiveness of students’ assessment for good decision making.
    a. True
    b. False
  17. A characteristic of continuous assessment is that it is carried out in an orderly manner.
    a. True
    b. False
  18. A teacher used the mind-term examination to grade her students. The mind-term examination served as
    a. a formative evaluation of students
    b. a summative evaluation of students
    c. both a and b
    d. None of the above
  19. Which of the following scales of measurement has absolute zero?
    a. interval
    b. nominal
    c. ordinal
    d. ratio
  20. When a teacher wants to assess her students, it is not necessary for her to specify what is to be assessed.
    a. True
    b. False
  21. Which general assessment principle underlines the use of continuous assessment in Ghana schools.
    a. clearly specifying what is to be learned
    b. ensuring reliability of the scores
    c. relevance of characteristics of what is assessed
    d. the need to use variety of procedure
  22. A problem associated with the practice of continuous as assessment of students in Ghana schools is objective.
    a. True
    b. False
  23. Validity of test results is always interpreted in absolute terms
    a. True
    b. False
  24. Which of the following can a teacher use as a content related evidence of his/her test
    a. Curriculum of a subject matter.
    b. item specification table
    c. Table of test specifications
  25. What should be included as evidence to support the claim that the result of assessment procedure validly reflects important mathematics skills and processes.
    a. expert judgement on the thinking processes and skills involve or student’s solution of the tasks
    b. a clear discription on the thinking process and skills purported to be assessed by the task
    c. the teacher’s judgement of the assessment that it covers the topics listed in the curriculum
    d. both a and b
  26. The validity of the test results is strengthened by the difficulty of the test item
    a. true
    b. false
  27. Cheating by testees during the administration of a test decreases the validity of the results of the test.
    a. true
    b. false
  28. Test scores that are highly valid are not necessarily reliable
    a. true
    b. false
  29. One characteristic of standardized achievement tests is that the
    A. instructions for testing are general
    B. technical quality of the test is high.
    C. test items are constructed by classroom teachers.
    D. test items measure specific classroom objective.
  30. One of the purposes to be achieved by the introduction of school Based Assessment (SBA) in Ghanaian schools is the.
    A. Provision of guidelines for constructing assessment tasks.
    B. Engagement of constant evaluation by teachers.
    C. Formulation of measurable and specific objectives.
    D. breaking learning programmes into smaller units
  31. Which one of the following statements is a general principle of assessment?
    A. assessment techniques must serve the needs of the learners.
    B. assessment procedure must be relevant to the unexpected
    results.
    C. use of assessment techniques requires knowledge about user’s expertise
    D. Use of variety of instrument to obtain information about instructors
  32. When administering achievement tests, invigilators
    A. can give hints to students who ask about individual items.
    B. can read newspapers or novels to avoid boredom
    C. should expect and prepare for emergencies
    D. should talk a lot before students start working
  33. One way a teacher can improve the validity of classroom assessment results is to
    A. construct items with complex reading vocabulary
    B. provide unclear directions on how to respond to items on a test.
    C. use items that provide intentional clues to the correct response.
    D. use test items that are not too difficult or too easy.
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